Does Title IX apply only to discrimination against women and students?

No. While Title IX protects the rights of women; Title IX also serves to protect the rights of men. Title IX requires that males and females receive fair and equal treatment in all areas of education.  Title IX also apply to students, faculty, staff and third parties.

Does Title IX only apply to athletic programs?

No. This may be one of the most widely held misconceptions about Title IX. Athletics are not the only component of academic life governed by Title IX. Other areas that fall within the scope of Title IX include (list not all-inclusive):

  • Benefits and Leave
  • Course Offerings and Access
  • Counseling Services
  • Hiring, Retention, Promotion of Employees
  • Recruitment, Admissions, Financial Aid and Scholarships

Title IX also prohibits sexual harassment, which includes sexual assault and sexual violence. Additional information regarding what behaviors may constitute sexual harassment and other forms of sexual misconduct is available at RU Sexual Assault Policy.

Does Title IX require that a female athletic opportunity is equitable with male programs?

Yes. Title IX creates parity in athletics, as well as other educational opportunities and experiences for men and women. Title IX does not require schools to cut men’s athletic programs. Each school determines how it will comply with Title IX regulations.

According to Title IX, all educational activities and programs must be co-ed and open to both men and women.

No.  Title IX specifically allows for, or has been interpreted to allow for, single-sex programs in a number of categories. Included among those are: religious schools, traditional men’s/women’s colleges, social fraternities/sororities, youth service organizations such as, The Boy/Girl Scouts of America, and beauty pageants.

Does Title IX prohibit Gender bias in science, technology, engineering and medicine?    

Yes. The under-representation of women in science, medicine, and engineering may violate Title IX. Educational institutions are required to provide women in these disciplines resources, support, and promotional opportunities comparable to their male colleagues.

Are Advocates for victims of Title IX who file complaints of discrimination for others protected from retaliation under Title IX?   

Yes. The U.S. Supreme Court has broadened the interpretation of Title IX to protect from retaliation whistle-blowers who accuse educational institutions of sex discrimination. The court is of the opinion that reporting incidents of discrimination is integral to Title IX enforcement and would be discouraged if retaliation against those who report it goes unpunished.

If I transfer to another college or university, are they obligated to provide the same protections for Title IX that RU does?

Yes.  If the organization or institution receives federal funds.  You will want to check with their compliance, equity or diversity office.